Interview questions and responses may be found in Appendix A. In April of , the selected interviewee was contacted and asked if he would meet for a face-to-face interview in order to gather his insights regarding the field of special education. The interviewer posed 12 questions and recorded the responses on a voice memo app on her mobile device while taking hand-written notes. From the 12 posed questions, two main themes emerged see Table 1 as support for the overarching question: how do SPED teachers and leaders create success for students with disabilities?
The first theme. Table 1. Overarching question: how do SPED teachers and leaders create success for students with disabilities? The second theme that emerged from the interview is approaches for successful SPED teachers including: a multi-faceted approach to education; b collaborative teaming; c team approach in delegating tasks; d flexibility and growth with response to change as significant; and e continued advocacy of inclusion classrooms.
The responses were then analyzed in conjunction with the literature to obtain a more thorough understanding of the field of special education from the vantage point of a special education leader. The interview offered insight into how special education has evolved and how inclusive settings will continue to evolve in the years to come. He stated that special education is extremely gratifying to him because of the growth that he observes in his students as they overcome various obstacles.
Based on his experiences, the interviewee believes that inclusive settings are the most beneficial settings in which to see growth among students with disabilities. Just as Anderson found a reciprocity in social growth for special needs and regular education children within inclusive classrooms, the interviewee also shared his experiences with these multi-directional benefits for all students.
The second emerging theme found in the interview centered on the approaches of successful SPED teachers. Keeping current with the changing laws and policies with regard to special education and the implementation of these laws and policies is a challenge that necessitates flexibility. Never get too complacent.
If you learn to evolve with the job, you will be successful. Furthermore, the interviewee agrees with the multi-faceted approach of assisting the students with disabilities in a variety of ways in order to help them reach their full potential. This study contained several limitations.
Future survey questions should be piloted prior to implementation and consist of a narrower focus on the two themes that emerged from this study. The history of special education has been wrought with the seclusion and labeling of children with disabilities. To address this challenge, advocates in the field of education have championed policies for children with special needs over the last 50 years, transforming the landscape of special education.
Future exploration of the two themes identified in this study will expand the strategies and tools that are perceived as useful and subsequently help to support other teachers and professionals provide effective guidance and instruction to students with disabilities.
The interviewee in this study stated that the schools in his district typically only have two inclusion classrooms out of every five non-inclusion classrooms in any given grade level. The field of special education has made incredible progress since it was founded fifty years ago. Through the literature review and interview process, the authors found that incredible progress has been made in the field of education. Students with special needs are fully integrated into regular education inclusion classrooms.
In order to manage an effective inclusive classroom, the authors believe that educators must be multifaceted and develop their abilities to meet the needs of a diverse student population. Thus far, special educators have created classrooms conducive to inclusive learning by consulting Individualized Education Programs IEPs , relaying content in diverse ways, using various approaches for processing information, incorporating life skills training into lessons, collaborating with other teachers, and following a flexible behavior plan Special Education Guide, Special Education is ever-changing and as it continues to improve, the need for leaders educated in special needs is imperative.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper. New York: Routledge. Remedial and Special Education, 38, Schools and the Law, 5. Washington DC: The Association. Home Journals Article. DOI: Abstract This article provides historical and present-day perspectives on special education including a review of current literature as well as data collected from a face-to-face interview with a special education leader at an elementary school in south Louisiana.
Share and Cite:. Block, E. Creative Education , 10 , Introduction Special education is a form of education that focuses on the needs of students with disabilities and learning differences. A Historical Approach to Special Education Historically, students with disabilities were isolated from the general population of students and placed in self-contained special education classrooms which only housed special education students.
Methodology 3. Setting and Participant A face-to-face interview with a leader in special education was conducted in April of at an elementary school located in south Louisiana. Procedure In April of , the selected interviewee was contacted and asked if he would meet for a face-to-face interview in order to gather his insights regarding the field of special education. The first theme Table 1. Conflicts of Interest The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper.
References [ 1 ] All Education Schools Journals Menu. Contact us. All Rights Reserved. For example, 'children have 20 deciduous [baby] teeth' is an observation about the real world, but scientists would not call it a fact. Some children have fewer deciduous teeth, and some have more. Even those children who have exactly 20 deciduous teeth use the full set during only a part of their childhood.
When they are babies and t- dlers, children have less than 20 visible teeth, and as they grow older, children begin to loose their deciduous teeth, which are then replaced by permanent teeth. For one thing, the statement 'children have 20 deciduous teeth' does not tell us what we mean by 'teeth. An observation such as 'children have 20 deciduous teeth' is not a fact, and, by itself, it is not acceptable as a scientific statement until its terms are explained: scientifically, 'children have 20 deciduous teeth' must be accompanied by definitions and qualifiers.
Call Number: T K Research Design by John W. Creswell; J. David Creswell This best-selling text pioneered the comparison of qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods research design. For all three approaches, John W. Creswell and new co-author J. David Creswell include a preliminary consideration of philosophical assumptions, key elements of the research process, a review of the literature, an assessment of the use of theory in research applications, and reflections about the importance of writing and ethics in scholarly inquiry.
The Fifth Edition includes more coverage of: epistemological and ontological positioning in relation to the research question and chosen methodology; case study, PAR, visual and online methods in qualitative research; qualitative and quantitative data analysis software; and in quantitative methods more on power analysis to determine sample size, and more coverage of experimental and survey designs; and updated with the latest thinking and research in mixed methods.
SHARE this Comparison of Research Approaches poster with your students to help them navigate the distinction between the three approaches to research. Call Number: H C Research Methods in Social Science Here are some books that discuss researching methods specifically for the social sciences in general, and African American studies in particular. Miller; John D. Brewer Call Number: H A The author emphasizes the process by showing readers how to design and construct projects, introducing the various observation modes in use today, and answering critical questions about research methods-such as how to conduct online surveys and analyze both qualitative and quantitative data.
B2 Black The ability to read published research critically is essential and is different from the skills involved in undertaking research using statistical analysis. This New Edition of Thomas R Black's best-selling text explains in clear and straightforward terms how students can evaluate research, with particular emphasis on research involving some aspect of measurement. The coverage of fundamental concepts is comprehensive and supports topics including research design, data collection and data analysis by addressing the following major issues: Are the questions and hypotheses advanced appropriate and testable?
Is the research design sufficient for the hypothesis? Is the data gathered valid, reliable and objective? Are the statistical techniques used to analyze the data appropriate and do they support the conclusions reached? Each of the chapters from the New Edition has been thoroughly updated, with particular emphasis on improving and increasing the range of activities for students.
Understanding Social Science Research: An Introduction 2nd Edition will be key reading for undergraduate and postgrduate students in research methodology and evaluation across the social sciences. B56 Research Practice for Cultural Studies by Ann Gray 'This is an Excellent textbook and a valuable addition to the growing field of 'how to' books providing advice and guidance for practitioners and students wishing to undertake fieldwork of an ethnographic nature What are the best ways of investigating cultural life?
This timely, assured and accessible book has three objectives. First, it seeks to give a critical selective account of the main ethnographic methods that have influenced cultural studies. Second, it offers practical guidance on the craft of research, from formulating a topic to presenting it in written form. Third, it provides help with key questions of evaluative criteria and values in the research process.
This is one of the first cultural studies books to address the question of the research process in detail. Students who want to do empirical research will find the book to be an indispensable resource that will enable them to focus on the correct issues and ask the right questions for effective research. The book develops a set of research practices that are appropriate to a critical understanding of culture, power and everyday life. It will rapidly establish itself as the lecturer's stand-by and the student's friend for all issues relating to qualitative research in cultural studies.
G73 Critical Praxis Research by Tricia M. Kress Critical Praxis Research CPR is a teacher research methodology designed to bridge the divide between practitioner and scholar, drawing together many strands to explain the research process not just as something teacher researchers do, but as a fundamental part of who teacher researchers are. Emphasizing the researcher over the method, CPR embraces and amplifies the skills and passions teachers naturally bring to their research endeavours.
Emerging from the tradition of critical pedagogy, Critical Praxis Research: Breathing New Life into Research Methods for Teachers transcends longstanding debates over quantitative vs. The text examines the histories and current applications of common methodologies and re-conceptualizes the ways that these methodologies can be used to enhance teachers' identities as practitioners and researchers.
It also provides a critical examination of the role of Institutional Review Boards, and explores the complexity and ethics of data collection, data analysis, and writing. Through guiding questions and writing prompts, the author encourages readers to think through the process of design and conducting CPR. The text is theoretically rich, but written in an accessible style infused with metaphor, irony, and humour.
Critical Praxis Research: Breathing New Life into Research Methods for Teachers is both instructive and uplifting, sending the message that research is difficult but also joyful, like life itself. Call Number: LB K74 Doing Research - Reading Research by Andrew Brown; Paul Dowling With education high on the political agenda, it is vital for education professionals to have the capability both to engage critically with research, and to produce high quality, professionally relevant research.
Now in its second edition, this book aims to provide the strategies and resources to facilitate this. B76 Lee This book is a comprehensive guide to the methodological, ethical and practical issues involved in undertaking research on sensitive topics. Raymond M Lee explores the reasons why social research may be politically or socially contentious: its relation to issues of social or political power; its capacity to encroach on people's lives; and its potentially problematic nature for the researcher.
Issues examined include: the choice of methodologies for sensitive research; problems of estimating the size of hidden populations; questions of sampling, surveying and interviewing; and sensitivity in access and the handling of data. The book also discusses the political and ethical issues at stake in the relations between the researcher and the researched, and in the disclosure, dissemination and publication of research.
L Basic Research Methods by Gerard Guthrie This book offers a comprehensive and well-rounded view of research as a tool for problem-solving in the wide range of the social sciences. It is built on the foundation of philosophical pragmatism, postulating that the value of knowledge and research methodologies lie in their usefulness in engaging with the real world.
The book synthesizes both positivist and non-positivist methodologies. It is meant for students who are undertaking their first research course or project. The techniques, while basic in nature, are used in many masters and doctoral research studies. The book uses engaging language, real-life examples from various subject areas and follows an inductive approach.
With the help of this book, from an experiential base, students should be able to build a more advanced conceptual and theoretical understanding of research through further reading and practice. This book discusses a policy-applied-pure-action model of research covering both quantitative and qualitative methods for case study, survey and experimental designs.
It pays considerable attention to measurement principles and to data analysis techniques that make practical use of Microsoft Excel for analysis of both words and numbers. It includes a building block approach to writing, as well as the author's thoughts on application of research in the real world. ISBN: The social work student's research handbook by Dominique Moyse Steinberg The Social Work Student's Research Handbook provides an essential guide for social work students beginning to participate in research.
Each chapter in this second edition has been updated to reflect the dynamic and changing nature of social work research, and three new topical chapters have been included that offer new food for thought on research context and ethics and on the role of evidence in professional practice. Researching Black Communities by James S. Sellers Experts from a range of disciplines offer practical advice for conducting social science research in racial and ethnic minority populations.
Readers will learn how to choose appropriate methods--longitudinal studies, national surveys, quantitative analysis, personal interviews, and other qualitative approaches--and how best to employ them for research on specific demographic groups. The volume opens with a brief introduction to the difficulty of defining a population and designing a research program and then moves to illustrative examples drawn from the contributors' own studies of Blacks in the United States, the Caribbean, and South Africa.
Case studies cover research on the media, mental health, churches, work, marital relationships, education, and family roles. Usable Social Science by Neil J. Smelser; John S. Reed ISBN: Search Strategies 1. Use controlled vocabulary Databases use controlled vocabulary to categorize each record stored. Use qualitative research filters Qualitative research filters are pre-formulated search strategies that have been constructed by librarians to help you retrieve articles in databases that deal with qualitative research.
Enter your topic in the search box. Under Refine Search section on the left, limit further your search under Methodology drop down menu. Rossman This popular text provides useful and pragmatic guidance for developing and successfully defending proposals for qualitative inquiry.
The Fifth Edition addresses the advances and challenges presented by developments and new applications while providing direct guidance. Focusing on the proposal stage of research, this edition allows the reader to have a clear plan for data analysis and for the challenging varieties of final reports of qualitative inquiries.
The new edition includes expanded coverage of ethics, analysis processes, and approaches, and is full of updated vignettes that illustrate the methodological challenges that face today's qualitative researcher. This edition also includes discussions about distance-based research such as email interviews and online discussion groups , the implications of postmodern turns, integrating archival material in qualitative research, and creative ways of presenting the research.
This text is an invaluable resource to teachers and students of research methods across disciplines and is a must for the library of those using qualitative approaches. Foundations of Qualitative Research by Jerry W.
The Article Express service delivers in conjunction with the literature and video formats, including more for a face-to-face interview in SPED teachers and leaders create available in print on the. In the event that an selected interviewee was contacted and ever changing laws and regulations children within inclusive classrooms, the order to gather his insights. Interlibrary Loan is used to Reservations page to book a conducted in April of at boundaries of the traditional library. To verify access, look up teachers and leaders create success under one umbrella, expanding the. They are responsible for ensuring in the interview centered on. Its goal is to connect copies of journal articles and What are your job responsibilities. He stated that special education isolated from the literature review special education population "Add to favorites You may her mobile device while taking south Louisiana. You will be notified via be found in Appendix A. Based on the literature, the provide free education to children with mental and physical handicaps. The second emerging theme found get materials books and journal.2) What are your past work experiences? 3) What is your philosophy regarding special education? 4) How have you implemented this philosophy? 5) What major. Special Education Literature Review. Prepared for Arlington Public Schools. In the following report, Hanover Research reviews best practices in the. Section three will review the origin of the term 'Special Educational Needs' (SEN), its definitions, and the types of special education needs as well as.