Reading Analysis on Dating Violence, Sexual Assault, Stalking and Prostitution
Dating violence, stalking, prostitution and sexual assault are among the common vices that women more often than men face in their lives. These vices are mostly due to underlying myths and misconceptions surrounding them. These acts as stereotyping ways that promote sexual offenders to continue to promote the violence and acts. Over the recent years, there have an increased and continual study of some of these vices and its effects on women. Various methodologies often involve using participants of both the male and female gender and their opinion of these acts. However, on issues such as prostitution, there has been more focus on female sex workers and little is researched on male counterparts. Additionally, these research conducted on these topics provide more information about the dating violence, prostitution and sexual assault. This paper will therefore look at various interviews conducted to its participants. It will also look at the evaluation of the interviews and provide a relevant conclusion on it. Dating violence, stalking, prostitution and sexual assault is a stereotypical approach where women get to be violated because of such myths.
Interview processInterviews were conducted to different participants to determine some of the causes of situations such as dating violence, stalking and sexual assaults. These interviews were conducted on voluntary participants who ranged from university, college and low income women. Additionally, to counter for the vast information about women, from the point of view of women and little from men, men were included in the interview process. The process was conducted anonymously and prior assessment of the participants was done.
220 female students from the undergraduate students were inclusive of the interview from the University of Teesside. Specified questions such as getting unwanted attention from their ex romantic lovers and the duration of getting the unwanted attention were asked. In another study, 1,033 women participants participated in a research to determine rape in colleges. Additionally, 863 women were conducted in a research to determine the prevalence of violence while dating Lastly, 1286 male participants from a correctional facility who were arrested for seeking sex through prostitution. In the research conducted at looking at rape cases within colleges, analysis such as mental health symptoms, and prevalence of physical injuries. Additionally there was the determination of physical, sexual and psychological violence against the women. Male participants on the other hand were with several hypotheses that saw men saying that women deserved violence and some of the abuse that they receive. Additionally, pornography influenced some of the men to induce violence on the women and rape them (Monto & Hotaling, 2001).
The interview process included the participants to accept voluntarily to be part of the study. However, in the prostitution research, the male participants were asked to be part of the process as a correctional tool to their offense that they had committed. In the stalking research, the process involved including all women who were of the age of 20 years and above to participate in the study (Robert, 2005). They had to have a prerequisite knowledge and information prior to the study such as they should have been in a relationship from three to eight months. It also involved asking those questions such as earlier incidents of abuse, use of insulting words and/or instances of jealousy. The participants were allowed to go with the questionnaires and return them to a sealed black box outside the administration block of the school. In the sexual assault research, this was part of rape cases in college women. The women filled a questionnaire asking them if they were ever assaulted or raped knowingly or unknowingly. The process also involved getting related instances of things such as abuse of drugs and alcohol during the research (Littleton, Breitkopf & Berenson, 2008).
Interview process reflection
The interview process was in relation to the studies conducted. The anonymity of the participants was a vital thing in getting the correct and accurate answers. This is because people tend to reveal their right answers to a question where they know that they will not receive judgment from the people. Additionally, it makes them confident to share some of their embarrassing and/or emotional situations (Amar & Gerrano, 2005). The use of male participants was ideal to determine the role of societal perceptions to violence against women. It also helped to come up with an understanding on rape myths to violence of women in prostitution industry. Finally, the chosen participants were the right crowd to answers some of the questions posed in the questionnaires because they understood prostitution.
In conclusion, sexual assaults, stalking, dating violence and prostitution are rampant among females. They are likely to be subjected to these instances due to reasons that men have. Sexual assaults are mostly due to the “macho” perception of male in the society and extend to dating violence. Violent dating and stalking are mostly due to underlying issues such as jealousy and controlling nature of some men. Rape myths and pornography play a bigger role in answering some of the stereotypical perceptions that men have towards female violence and rape.To sum up, men should change some of their perceptions and encourage more protection of women. Further sensitization of avoidance of such cases should be encouraged in all places. This will not only reduce its prevalence but also promote a crime-free environment.
Roberts, K.A., (2005). Women’s experience of violence during stalking by former romantic partners: factors predictive of stalking violence. Violence against women. Sage Publishers.
Littleton, H., Breitkopf, C.R., and Berenson, B., (2008). Beyond the Campus: Unacknowledged Rape Among Low-Income. Sage Publishers Amar, F. A., and Gennaro, S. (2005). Dating Violence in College Women: Associated Physical Injury, Healthcare Usage, and Mental Health Symptoms. Nursing Research
Monto, M. A., and Hotaling, N., (2001). Predictors of Rape Myth Acceptance Among Male Clients of Female. Sage Publishers
The Good Soldiers-David Finkel
The Good Soldier is a book written by a Washington Post reporter David Finkel. The author, a Pulitzer award winner, writes about “the surge”, a war that the American youth soldiers went to fight in Iraq in the year 2007-2008. There was a declaration from the former President Washington, to make a difference in the ongoing reconciliation and maintaining peace in Iraq. In his statement release he said, “Many listening tonight will ask why this effort will succeed when previous operations to secure Baghdad did not. Well, here are the differences,” Many of the Americans were listening and including them were a Second Battalion, 16th Infantry Regiment of the Fourth Infantry Brigade Combat Team, and First Infantry Division (2-16). They were young men who were on average at nineteen years of age, ambitious and ready to make a difference for the country. The author joins them in their journey, the war and the overall effects of the war.
War has many effects and mostly leaves a soldier in a devastated state after the war. It questions the faith and beliefs of a man. It causes lots of trauma and mental disturbance. It causes the soldiers to experience stress and in the end may develop suicidal thoughts (Kriner, Pp 165). The author clearly brings it out through his narration. He states clearly how the soldiers felt towards the war, the bombs and their feelings after the war. He narrates their changing beliefs and faith throughout the fifteen months in Iraq.
War has grave consequences towards a human being mostly when it comes to their feelings and attitudes. The exposures and experiences change the thinking and reactions of a man. The soldiers in Iraq went to the war with an open-mind, with optimism to come out of there with the difference the president was addressing. The optimism of the soldiers keeps on reducing and at some point, they hoard a different feeling of hatred. A good example is Cumming, an optimist soldier at first. He starts by being optimistic, a result of his original motivations for joining the army, which included a love for the United States and a desire to defend his admittedly sentimental version of it (Finkel, pp 43).
However after a series of non-stop attacks, incompetence and experience of corruption from the Iraq people, he starts to hate them. He becomes so frustrated that he gives up completely, “I’m offering peace and a shit-free life [repeated attempts to re-start the sewer project in the 2-16’s area of operations was meeting constant set-backs, and continued attacks were damaging its vital and fragile infrastructure] and you want to fight me? Fine. Live in Shit (pp 151).” These show how his feelings changes after some time and he just feels hatred. He hates the Iraq people who he felt sorry for initially and wanted to help them have a stable nation.
War also causes trauma and mental disturbance. The soldiers at the war front were always detonating bombs and avoiding death in their Humvees that no longer kept them safe. They experienced fear every now and then they were travelling on the dusty roads of Iraq, the constant fear of always being under attack. They lived through the days with hope to survive it. The soldiers had trauma due to the constant deaths of the colleagues and friends in the battlefield. A soldier by the name Jay March, had to shoot an insurgent who ran into a house in front of a small girl. The girl sees Jay killing the man and this affects Jay mentally. He is guilty about the incidence more so the shooting the little girl saw him do. He likens the girl to his small brother and this further makes him guiltier (Finkel, Pp122).
Another example is that one of Sgt. Adam Schumann who after returning back to the country and staying for a thousand days, he kills himself. He suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder and went ahead to seek medical assistance but this did not erase his memories. He had constant reminders of the man he shot who sank slowly into mud as he died. The post-traumatic stress disorder was visible in his shaking hands and the prescription drugs they found on his bedside. These images were too much for him to bear and he kills himself due to it (Finkel, Pp 179).
The effects of war are too much and even the strongest have an effect from it. They later undergo post-traumatic stress disorders as well as depression. They end up using prescription drugs such as Sgt. Adam Schumann. They have constant reminders of the images they saw in the battlefield, the death of their friends and the bombs that blew off repeatedly (Scurfield, Pp 103). The war changes their perception of war and they hate the countries they are trying to bring in peace. They see their efforts as futile and helpless. They even mention of how no soldier would like to go to war ever again. I starting thinking about what happened, and then I start thinking about why I’m here….they say on TV that the soldiers want to be here? I can’t speak for every soldier, but I think if people went around and made a list of names of who fucking thinks we should actually be here and who wants to be here, ain’t nobody that wants to be here. There ain’t probably one soldier in this fucking country, unless you are higher up and you’re trying to get your star or you’re trying to make some rank or a name for yourself….because there’s no point. What are we getting out of fucking being here? Nothing.” (Finkel, pp 117). The war changes them completely in their way of thinking and the feelings and perception towards war.
Finkel David. The Good Soldier. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux 2009. Print
Kriner Douglas L., Francis X. Shen. The Casualty Gap: The Causes and Consequences of American Wartime Inequalities. New York: Oxford University Press. 2010. Pp 165 Print
Scurfield Raymond M. War Trauma: Lessons Unlearned, from Vietnam to Iraq. Volume 3 New York: Algora Publishing. 2006 Pp 103 Print
Impacts of Facebook on writing skills
Facebook Has Transformed My Students' Writing—for the Better. The first phase of the sentence catches a lot of attention to the reader who will be forced to get to understand what the author is saying. The article sub-title Social media has helped make young men comfortable with opening up emotionally poses lots of questions to the reader and further intrigues them to read more. However, the article is just an opinion of Andrew Simmons that social media has played a role in assisting his students to write an intriguing reflective essays. The article is thus a bias opinion that is easily refutable and does not have a concrete argument. The opinion is only one sided and does not look at further the implications of Facebook to the overall performance of the student in literature.
Simmons compares the writing skills of the students in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. He looks at the students in the 1990s especially boys who did not perceive to show any emotions. They were the masculine types and the ‘macho” men who did not show any emotions. He further elaborates by stating how girls did not like vulnerable boys/men. He then compares the present era where young boys update emotional status on their Facebook walls such as “I am so stupid, dad told me to drop out of school”(Simmons, 1). Such updates causes people to like their posts, comment with sympathy, or laugh at them. However, such an illustration does not have a real evidence to prove that it responsible for the improved writing skills. Before the invention of the Internet and social Media sites, young people used to communicate via letters. In letters, boy were able to share their feelings to the girls they were writing to. Even if the audience was a single person, they all the same opened up and told the girls how they felt about them. Thus saying that Facebook has enabled boys to open up emotionally is a baseless fact.
The author keeps on narrating how he thinks that by studying how the young boys interact on social media helps them to apply it in their reflective writing. His Facebook students keep on opening up emotionally on what is going on in their lives. This opinion can be true as the more young people feel comfortable expressing themselves on a social platform, the more they are free to express their thoughts in schools assignments and essays. They can easily write an essay of how they feel about social issues such as divorce, abortions, and drug use and school dropouts. Some topics they have seen updates of their friends posting them on Twitter and Facebook and indirectly have a second hand experience of their turmoil. In addition, they have seen the links that are attached on Facebook and read further and see the experiences of other students in the hands of the social norms such as drug abuse. To add up, his opinion that opening up emotionally helps them in their reflective writing can have a support from the work of Narelle; Reflective Practice and writing who explains that reflective writing can be of three types. One of them being the on-going writing where the students reflect on what is going on in their lives and this is what Simmons is explaining in his article. She asserts that a writer gets to write better reflective essays as they reflect on what is happening in their lives is directly what they are posting on Facebook.
While looking at the article rhetorically one is left asking who the author was intending to share the article with. The article might be useful to his students in helping them know the new information regarding social media and at the same time informing the parents on how Facebook can be used for good. When he explains the usage of Facebook in understanding the emotional aspects of his students and at times sending links that are educative makes one understand that Facebook is a useful thing (Graff, Pp 53). It makes one question their opinion that Facebook is all-bad and does not offer any educative thing as most of the things it offers is entertainment such as games and videos. The high teacher has been able to educate his students through the same platform where they are having their “own” time.
On the other hand, the disadvantages of Facebook are many that they outweigh the advantages that Simmons is pointing out. He clearly says how social media has caused his students to write short paragraphs and sentences to make up “blobs” which is a name he refers to the short paragraphs. On social media, there is usually no room to write long sentences and paragraphs as it will make less people to read on the posts. They are considered tiresome and may end up even relaying the message the writer intended to pass across. Thus, there is frequent use of short sentences such as “coming”, “let me be honest”. In an English grammar class, the sentences lack both the subject and verb to qualify to be characterized as a sentence but in a Facebook platform, they make sense. This makes the students to lack the ability to construct long sentences that are grammatically correct and paragraphs that have proper styling techniques.
However, there are other scholars who argue out that Facebook is not the cause of writing errors. For instance, Michael Bourne (Bourne, The Millions) claims that among his friends they have never received a written paper from his students using short forms in writing their paper such as “b4” or “asap”. He argues that although the students are using short forms and broken grammar in their social media updates they do not do the same when it comes to writing of essays and submitting assignments. They are careful to submit written assignments with fewer occurrences of such mistakes. This is argument is further supported by another author that says that students have double personalities where they can display both contradicting personas at the same time. She argues that whatever they post on social media is not the same as they write on their papers. This is can be deemed true as whatever students post on Facebook is not what they would like an older person to see thus they cannot write it in their essays. This makes one question however why their writing skills are deteriorating with the increased Internet usage and improved technological advancements. What could be the other reason as to why the high school students keep on writing essays that have “blobs” and full of grammatical mistakes?
Social media has caused a lot of deterioration and at the same time improvements on writing skills, there are still gaps that need to be filled. Facebook makes students write short sentences and paragraphs,which displays their lack in writing skills. Although the problem cannot be entirely blamed on social Media, they have to be a solution all the same of the problem. There are some educators and students who can prove that Facebooking has no negative impact on their writing skills though there are some who have a problem with Facebook and Twitter. However, more students fail in their writing skills than those who do not. Thus, the opinion of Andrew Simmons that Facebook has helped improve his students writing skills is seen as the other percentage that causes a little advantage compared to the disadvantages.
In conclusion, educators and professors should keep on encouraging their students to continue writing as with constant practices they cause the students to improve on their writing skills. Writing will enable them to constantly internalize about their actions and thoughts and help them understand themselves better. Continuous writing will also make them advance in their creativity and originality and at the same time master their mastery of the English grammar and writing skills. Moreover, Facebook can only be used for the goodness of the writing skills of the students when they maybe they create an App where students compete among-est themselves in writing competitions. This will make them have a ready audience and at the same time use the social media for an advantage.
Baron Naomi S. Always On: Language in an Online and Mobile World. Oxford University Press 2008. Print.
Bourne Michael. Fear Not, English Is Safe From ‘Satisfries’ 2014. Web. 26th February 2014
Graff, Nelson. Teaching Rhetorical Analysis to Promote Transfer of Learning. Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, Feb 2010 53(5): 376-385. 29 Jan 2014.
Hampe, Narelle. Reflective Practice and Writing: A guide to Getting Started. 2013. Web. 29 Jan 2014.
Rohr Megan. Writing to Learn Freshman Composition Classes. Journal. Spring 2013
Simmons, Andrew. Facebook has Transformed My Students' Writing-For the Better. The Atlantic. 18 Nov, 2013. Web. 29 Jan, 2014.
How we can save the earth.
We hear a lot about how devastating the planet is of late. Global warming, dying oceans, endangered species of plants and animals, nuclear warfare, depletion of resources mostly due to overpopulation, declining of fish stocks, drought, emission of greenhouses gases and destruction of plant and animal habitats which are just but a few issues affecting our planet. From my point of view, Mother Earth has every right to fight back after all these decades of being taken for granted. However, we are not yet doomed, we still have a fighting chance of actually restoring the good relation we had by going green. Saving the Earth sounds huge and not so reassuring right? Well it is, but it is much easier than we think. We just need to tackle a few challenges along the way then the path to clear future would be more visible.
Are you worried about the troubles facing the planet? Do you want to make a positive impact that would make a difference? If your answer is yes, then I guess you’re wondering if it’s all worth the effort or even where to start. The answers would be in the following ways that can help in this particular quest. Paying attention to how you use water. Water is a necessity of life but most people are not aware how to properly utilize it. By taking measures to use less water is actually a step in cleaning the earth, our future. Some ways to conserve the usage of water may include: taking showers instead of regular baths; showers tend to consume less water as compared to baths thus regulating the water and avoiding the accumulation of waste water, minimizing running water either when brushing your teeth or while washing dishes, checking for house leaks and fixing them to avoid wastage and using lesser amount of water in day to day activities like cleaning the house or car.
Conserving the use of energy. Coal and natural gas are the most common sources of energy which is later on converted into electricity but in the process bring about a high rate of air pollution. Thus, various ways like reducing the reliance on electricity, replacing the filament light bulbs with the energy saving bulbs, using solar charged equipment, switching of the lights when not in use, turning off electrical appliances, using the availability of the sun to heat water example for bathing and even walk or ride your bike to work, school or anywhere you can instead of taking the car to reduce the energy consumed. This could make a big influence on taking the matter of saving the Earth to the next level.
Another way is by conserving the forest cover by gazetting forest areas, stopping clear cutting and mining activities and by planting trees and not cutting them. Trees are an important asset to the environment as they control a number of factors. With the aspiration of restoring the Earth, we should initiate planting trees especially in open areas and or near factories. Trees help in controlling the rate of soil erosion by acting as wind breakers, acting as water catchment areas, regulating the gases in the air; absorbing the carbon (IV) oxide in the air and giving out oxygen which is free of contamination and more sufficient for the consumption by human beings, animals and plants.
Adopting better urban farming techniques especially those to be adapted in the green houses. Greenhouse gases are the major contributors towards global warming thus finding a way to regulate the emission of these gases whether those from the green houses or the one from the exhaust fumes of vehicles would really make a difference and help curb the pollution rate on Earth. Some of these techniques may include recycling glass which would be the best option because glass is a non-biodegradable substance, re-using commodities like the recently adopted use of carrier bags to eradicate the plastic bags, and using fewer chemicals and of less harm so that they don’t become hazardous in the case of the chemicals being washed or drained away. On the issue of marijuana, the real truth should be revealed on how it is affecting most of our youth. To save the Earth we require everyone to be on board and to be well and healthy. We should stand as activists and condone the cultivation and intake of marijuana and enlighten others of its damage to the world.
Most people even today lack the proper knowledge of the issues affecting the earth and how best to go about solving them. Saving the world requires creation of awareness to every individual on what it entails, how to address the challenges that Earth needs saving from, the effects of pollution and how to mitigate this situation. If people were aware on how to properly prepare a compost, produce less waste and identify large scale polluters, we would be in a better place. Citizens should speak up and report cases of destruction towards the environment for the necessary actions to be taken, volunteer to help clean up especially along town areas and properly dispose of the waste or even join a local environmental group that work to clean up the water. This includes the streams, rivers, lakes and lastly oceans to show support and solidarity in one accord.
Somebody once asked me why we need to save the Earth. What would your answer be? In my opinion I take the world as ours. Our home and similarly a home to all creatures as well. However, we are the only rational beings thus we are the ones responsible for taking care of this world. There are many more ways we can each contribute to saving our planet. We need to come together in one accord for the purpose of protecting our planet. Saving the Earth is not an individual’s mission but requires team work for our efforts not to end in vain. We should acknowledge that we are a part of something greater whereby the resources are available but limited in supply. I believe that we are the ones who can restore Earth to its original or even better system and state. It is our duty.
Katie Lambert: article on things that can be done to help save the Earth. HowStuffWorks website. Copyright 2018.
WaysToHelp Amazon services LLC Associates. Copyright 2017.
Featured Articles/ Environmental Awareness: How to help save the Earth. WikiHow website. Copyright 2017.